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The new fort's name was suggested by John Peter Pruden after Edmonton, London, the home town of both the HBC deputy governor Sir James Winter Lake, and Pruden.
In 1876, Treaty 6, which includes what is now Edmonton, was signed between the Aboriginal peoples in Canada (or First Nations) and Queen Victoria as Queen of Canada, as part of the Numbered Treaties of Canada.
The North Saskatchewan River originates at the Columbia Icefield in Jasper National Park and bisects the city.
Before the construction of two reservoirs near the mountains, it would sometimes flood Edmonton's river valley, most notably in the North Saskatchewan River flood of 1915.
is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta.
The area covered by the treaty represents most of the central area of the current provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta.
His expeditions across the Canadian Prairies were mainly to seek contact with the aboriginal population for establishing the fur trade, as competition was fierce between the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company.
By 1795, Fort Edmonton was established on the river's north bank as a major trading post for the Hudson's Bay Company.
Typically, summer lasts from late June until early September, and the humidity is seldom uncomfortably high.
Winter lasts from November to March, and varies greatly in length and severity.