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[Editor’s Note: When you look at the biography of congressional representatives or U. senators who are dual Israeli citizens, or media moguls, or titans of the film industry, for example, you will often notice that the parents, or grandparents, or even the great grandparents are mentioned as Jewish immigrants from Russia or the Ukraine or other eastern European countries, including Turkey.These are the descendants of the Khazarian Jews discussed in this article.The capital of reorganized Russia was no longer Kiev But Moscow (hence the terms Moscovy and Muscovite). Under the Romanov dynasty (1613-1917) many members of the Russian upper classes were educated in Germany, and the Russian nobility, already partly Scandinavian by blood, frequently married Germans or other Western Europeans. She chose for her son, weak like his father and later the “madman” Czar Paul I [reign, 1796-1801], a German wife.In 1613 the Russian nobles (boyars), desired a more stable government than they had had, and elected as their czar a boy named Michael Romanov, whose veins carried the blood of the grand dukes of Kiev and the grand dukes of Moscow. Likewise many of the Romanovs, themselves – in fact all of them who ruled in the later years of the dynasty – married into Western families. The nineteenth century czars were Catherine the Great’s grandson, Alexander I [reign, 1801-1825 — German wife]; his brother, Nicholas I [reign, 1825-1855 — German wife, a Hoenzollern]; his son Alexander II [reign 1855-1881- German wife]; and his son Alexander III [reign, 1881-1894- Danish wife]; his son, Nicholas II [reign, 1894-1917 — German wife], who was murdered with his family (1918) after the Communists seized power (1917) in Russia.In the later years of the dimly recorded first millennium of the Christian era, Slavic people of several kindred tribes occupied the land which became known later as the north central portion of European Russia.South of them between the Don and Volga rivers and north of the lofty Caucasus Mountains lived a people known to history as Khazars (Ancient Russia, by George Vernadsky, Yale University Press, 1943, p. These people had been driven westward from Central Asia and entered Europe by the corridor between the Ural Mountains and the Caspian Sea.The rulers of the Grand Duchy of Moscow also sought to exclude Jews from areas under its control. So significant was the Babylonian Talmud as the principal cause of Khazar resistance to Russian efforts to end their political and religious separatism, and so significant also are the modern sequels, including those in the United States, that an extensive quotation on the subject from the great History of the Jews, by Professor H. The struggle with the Mongols and other Asiatic khanates continued and from them the Russians learned much about effective military organization.
Into the Khazar khanate there had been a few Jewish immigrants — rabbis, traders, refugees — but the people of the Kievan Russian state did not facilitate the entry of additional Jews into their territory. In the thousands of synagogues which were built in the Khazar khanate, the imported rabbis and their successors were in complete control of the political, social, and religious thought of their people. 631 ff.) is here presented: The Talmud must not be regarded as an ordinary work, composed of twelve volumes; it possesses absolutely no similarity to any other literary production, but forms, without any figure of speech, a works of its own, which must be judged by its peculiar laws. The Talmud contains much that is frivolous of which it treats with great gravity and seriousness; it further reflects the various superstitious practices and views of its Persian birthplace which presume the efficacy of demoniacal medicines, of magic, incantations, miraculous cures, and interpretations of dreams. More than six centuries lie petrified in the Talmud. In Russian lands after the fall of Kiev in 1240, there was a period of dissension and disunity.They found a land occupied by primitive pastoral people of a score or more of tribes, a land which lay beyond the boundaries of the Roman Empire at its greatest extent under Trajan (ruled, 98-117 A.D.), and also beyond the boundaries of the Byzantine Empire (395-1453).He invited Jewish sages to settle in his dominions, rewarded them royally, founded synagogues and schools . .caused instruction to be given to himself and his people in the Bible and the Talmud, and introduced a divine service modeled on the ancient communities.After Obadiah came a long series of Jewish chagans, for according to a fundamental law of the state only Jewish rulers were permitted to ascend the throne.